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The trucking industry is wide and that is for a reason. The entire world depends on transportation, since everything is transported by trucks. The furniture you own, the TV you watch your favorite series on, even the piece of clothing bought from a local store. Apart from the short haul, the long haul international shipping is a step by step management system and transportation is only a part of the process.

Now, here is how the transportation process works:

1. Seller

When you order something, the transportation process first starts with receiving your order. Then they start with the process of goods preparation.

The second thing a seller does is producing the goods if out of stock. Once the goods are ready and prepared to travel through the process of transportation, the factory checks their quality and condition for shipping.

Once the company decides that the goods are in excellent quality, the transportation process includes two types of documents:

  • Packing List – a document specifying the label of the package which is issues after the goods are packaged.
  • Commercial Invoice – This document is used to create a payment request by seller to buyer and it gives information on shipment preparation.

The goods are not shipped until the documents are filled. As in every profession including paperwork due to state law, these are the documents that the freight forwarder needs to receive from you according to the EU port supply services.

2. Trucking

The end of the manufacturing is the beginning of hauling. In other words, after paperwork and packaging is done, the next step is to move it from the factory and prepare it for the road to the warehouse.

The warehouse is the place for goods storage. This is the part where the company provides the relocation of the goods as part of the transportation process. However, in order for the process to be done, there are a few other things that need to be finished.

From Seller To Destination Port

The documents part is in order to provide a proof of security that the goods are being transported from one place to another before they get to the customer.

In this process, a Trucking Bill of Lading (BOL) is provided which is the document representing the contract or arrangement between the shipper and the carrier. It states the aspects of the shipping: what is being hauled and to whom.

3. Warehouse

With the expansion of the trucking industry, everything can be stored in a warehouse. It is a safe place for the goods before they are sent to further haulage to the next location. Depending on the type of the goods, the warehouses are conditioned in order to keep them in excellent condition.

The documents in the warehouse are important to be filled in order to give them to the freight forwarder and keep the transportation process going. The legal documents issued in the warehouse are the following:

  • Power of attorney – a legal document authorizing the freight forwarder to deal with customs on your behalf.
  • Bond Application – a document which clears importers entries, regardless of duty free goods.
  • Social Security Card – it is a filing required for the Importer Security Filing (ISF) including information and details on the shipment while passing from one point to another.

4. Origin Port

Another role of the international transportation is the origin port, which is the next location of the transportation process. It is the place where the goods are transported before they take part in the journey to the destination port. It is usually done within two days departure time including distribution work.

With the transportation process including a few days stay at every location due to paperwork, so it does at the Origin Port. As the goods are checked for quality after they are manufactured, here the employees check on the containers regulations obedience as required by law.

5. Ship – Time That Goods Are Spending On The Ship

The time that the goods spend on the ship is between 15 to 30 days. During this time, a master bill of lading is issued to the freight forwarder by the carrier and is usually provided by the person operating the transportation machine. A notice on the arrival date is provided by the carrier to the freight forwarder 2 to 5 days prior to the date.

6. Destination Port – Transportation Process

Once the shipment arrives at the destination port, a payment to the factory is made. Its time of stay is prior to the time the buyer decides to pay for the goods. After the payment, the seller issues an electronic payment to the forwarder as a proof, called Telex Release.

Final Thoughts

Transportation process has expanded since the internet is starting to offer us supplies online. As the society is making it easier for the humanity to order goods, transportation process goes rather complex.

That means that everything you ordered online is transported by truck drivers making their best to deliver it to you on time. Now, if you have ever questioned yourself why your order takes 30 days minimum to arrive, now you have the mystery solved.


International transportation is a driving force that shapes the overall transportation chain.

Correspondingly it could present a great opportunity for many lucrative businesses.

Point often overlooked is that the international transportation stretches thousands of miles, spans oceans, crosses multiple borders, and utilizes a variety of transport modes. Therefore, the key point to arranging impeccable international cargo transportation is choosing wisely the most important actors in shipping.

Do you wonder who the actors in shipping are?  And what are the most important roles in international transportation?

Take a further read & find out more about international transportation!

1. Freight Forwarder

Did you know that the freight forwarder does not actually move your freight itself?

The actual role of the freight forwarder in the overall international transportation is to act as an intermediary between the shipper and the other transportation services. That is to say the freight forwarder establishes relationship with logistics companies, trucking companies as well as carriers.

Therefore, it is the freight forwarder who negotiates the best price and by that holds one of the most important roles in international transportation.

A good freight forwarder is he who can choose a route for your cargo that best balances the reliability, price, as well as speed of delivery. Moreover, a good freight forwarder makes the transportation way simpler and available for clients through cost optimization, as well as through managing timely freight deliveries.

International Transportation Deni Internacional Customs Terminal

Correspondingly, the freight forwarder will have to assist and advice you as their client on the types and modes of international transportation. By the same taken freight forwarders have knowledge of regulations, transportation costs as well as regulations. This, on the other hand, will help you ease the exporting process too.

In many cases a freight forwarder can be a transportation company, which besides using its own units and resources uses resources from other operators in the overall transportation process with the aim to find the most optimal transportation solution.

Transportation companies by using their know-how often times find ideal transportation solutions by using single or multimodal transportation.

All in all, the freight forwarder, optimizes the transport process, handles your cargo from one international destination to another.

2. Shipper

On the other hand we have the shipper.

The shipper has one of the most important roles in international transportation too. Depending on the incoterms agreed between the buyer and the seller, the Shipper is in most cases responsible for exporting the cargo.

This means that most of the time he is the one doing the packaging, loading, and preparing the export customs documents.

International Transportation

Therefore, shippers can also be seen as the seller of the cargo or the company where the cargo can be picked up.

The main shipper’s responsibilities are:

  • Delivering the goods ready for carriage;
  • Providing information, instructions and documents;
  • Providing information for the compilation of contract;
  • Informing the dangerous nature or character of the goods.

By and large, the shipper can be referred to as an exporter.

3. Consignee

A consignee is the recipient of cargo, that is to say the party that receives a shipment from the carrier.

According to the rules and regulations that do apply to international transportation, the consignee should be listed on the Bill of Lading and, in most of the cases, it is the consignee’s address that the cargo will be delivered where he should be physically present when receiving the shipment.

The main consignee’s responsibilities are:

  • Proper cargo pickup and delivery;
  • Maintaining proper documentation (signing cargo pickup document);

Another key point of consignee’s work includes filling import customs declaration, as well as paying taxes and duties.

4. Customer

A customer can be an individual or a company that wants to arrange international transportation for its cargo. Usually companies tend to book cargo transportation with the help of freight forwarders, as mentioned before.

Henceforth, besides an individual, or a company that wants to arrange international transportation, as customers can be as well considered:

  • Transporters;
  • Freight forwarders;
  • The sender and the receiver;

Put differently, each of the roles mentioned previously at some point of the transportation process can play the role of a customer.

In either case, the customer is someone that has the need of moving his cargo from point A to point B.

5. International Transportation – Transport Operators

Road Transport Companies

The most common way of transporting cargo is via road transportation.

Road transportation these days is enabled by road transport companies. These companies are generally offering the following cargo transportation services:

  • Full truck loads;
  • Partial truck loads;
  • Bulk transportation;
  • Temperature controlled transportation.

International Transportation Deni Internacional Truck

Correspondingly road transport companies try to keep their customers happy on a regular basis by developing specific routes and combining complexity, while having in mind the economic aspects as well.

Airfreight Lines

Airfreight lines, or better said air transport is a crucial part of many international logistics networks. More precisely, airfreight lines are dedicated to the cargo transportation process by air.

Additionally, airfreight lines are responsible for controlling and managing the flow of goods, information and other resources.

It might happen that airfreight lines are divisions of larger passenger airlines.

Shipping Lines

Shipping lines are companies operating ships that are responsible for the transportation of cargo/containers.

These companies are responsible for the transportation process of the cargo from the load port to the discharge port.

Shipping lines play integral part in the multimodal cargo transportation process.

When handling cargo to shipping lines customers are most commonly required to give authorization to the shipping line to sign on their behalf. Shipping lines are requiring this with the purpose to save time for their customers, because that way if there is any process along the way that will have to be expedited, they will do it without the owner physically going there.

Final Thoughts

To enumerate, managing international transportation requires a detailed pre-planning, as well as a good collaboration between the freight forwarders, shippers, consignees, customers, and transport operators.

So, the best for your business is to make an informative decision on choosing the 5 most important roles that will lead you to achieving on-time, on-budget, and goal-focused international transportation of your cargo.